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Ocak, 2014 tarihine ait yayınlar gösteriliyor

UNDERSTANDING THE INCREASING ROLE OF TURKISH NGOs AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN AFRICA: CAUSES AND DYNAMICS

The role and significance of NGOs and civil society in world politics has increased significantly after the Cold War. NGOs play critical roles in a wide range of fields, such as education, healthcare, human rights, and humanitarian relief. They fill a big gap where the state fails to provide the basic services to its citizens and they provide humanitarian assistance in the regions affected by war, conflict, poverty, earthquake, human right abuses and diseases. Even though NGOs and civil society organizations have been influential actor in resolving humanitarian problems, they have very complex structure due to their activities in vast fields.
From the establishment of Turkey to 1950, the concept of civil society had a passive meaning and had a restricted role over the society due to the dominant role of the single party system in the country. The single party in Turkey especially focused on the establishment and enforcement of the nation-state. Therefore, the concept of nation-state ma…

FRENCH FOREIGN POLICY TOWARDS AFRICA UNDER FRANÇOIS HOLLANDE: INTERESTS AND DILEMMAS

François Hollande was selected as the new president of France on 6 May 2012. In particular, Mali crisis has been a crucial test for the Socialist French president. French intervention in Mali in January 2013 known "Operation Serval" demonstrated that France has continued to pursue its economic and strategic interests in Africa. It also showed that "continuity" has been one of the most significant foreign policy principles in French policy towards Africa. Hollande made his first official visit in Africa to Dakar, Senegal in October 2012. During his visit, he stressed that democracy, human rights, and the principle of mutual respect will play a critical role in developing relations between Africa and France. According to the French president, geographical proximity, the human factor and economic and energy relations have been the most important factors influencing French policy in Africa (Melly and Darracq, 2013:12).
The French president Hollande's predecessor, Ni…

TURKEY'S AFRICA POLICY: NEW DYNAMICS AND NEW PERCEPTIONS

Turkey has deepened its foreign and security relations towards Africa since the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) came to power in 2002. Turkey has implemented its foreign policy towards Africa with three strategies. The first strategy is that Turkey has strengthened its diplomatic ties with African countries and organizations. While Turkey only had 12 embassies in Africa in 2002, it has 35 embassies today. In 2008, Turkey hosted its first Turkey-Africa summit in Istanbul. High-level representatives from 44 African countries participated in the summit. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan became the first non-African leader visited Somalia after the Second World War. Turkey has also increased its relations with African regional and sub-regional organizations. Turkey got an observer status from the African Union (AU) in 2005 and became a non-regional member of the African Development Bank in 2008. In addition, Turkey got accredited to the East African Community (EAC) in …